Phytochemicals in Carbs - Carbohydrate Sources of Micronutrients in Plants
Anthocyanins, Proanthocyanidins, Bioflavenoids, Carotenoids, Catechins Glucosinolates Organosulphides and Phytoestrogens

Carbs in Food
Glycemic Index GI of Carbs
Glycemic Load of Carbs
GI Diet - Low GI Diet

Information About Carbs | Carbohydrates Guide | Low Carb Diets

Phytochemicals - The New Micronutrients

Phytochemicals: Powerful Plant Nutrition

Phytochemicals are the newest group of micronutrients. They are biologically active compounds found in plant foods. The word "phytochemical" comes from the Greek word "phyto", meaning "plant." And since plants are largely made up of carbohydrate (like the complex carbohydrate, dietary fiber) phytochemicals and carbs are closely associated.

Semi-Essential Micronutrients

Phytochemicals are not classified as essential nutrients, because our diet does not require them to sustain life in the same way as vitamins or minerals. Even so, phytochemicals can play a vital role in our body's biochemistry, so they can be be seen as semi-essential micronurients.

Although no RDAs have been established for these chemical substances, nutrition scientists and medical researchers have discovered that they have potent disease-prevention and immunity-boosting qualities.

Here is a selection of the main phytochemicals, their carbohydrate-rich food sources and health benefits.

Some Phytochemicals - Food Sources and Health Benefits

Phytochemical: Anthocyanins/Proanthocyanidins
Good Carb Sources: berries, cherries, red grapes, plums, red-cabbage.
Health Benefits: Protects heart, lungs and blood vessels.

Phytochemical: Bioflavenoids (eg.Taxifolin, Rutin, Ellagic Acid, Quercetin)
Good Carb Sources: citrus fruits, black tea, red wine, onions, tomatoes, apples, potatoes, grapes, broad beans.
Health Benefits: Anti-cancer benefits. Powerful antioxidant.

Phytochemical: Carotenoids (eg. Lycopene, Lutein, Capsanthin)
Good Carb Sources: carrots, mangos, peaches, pumpkin, squash, sweet potatoes, tomatoes and dark leafy green vegetables.
Health Benefits: Anti-cancer benefits.

Phytochemical: Catechins (eg.Epigallocatechin Gallate)
Good Carb Sources: green tea, apples.
Health Benefits: Anti-cancer benefits. Powerful antioxidant.

Phytochemical:Glucosinolates (eg.Sulphoraphane Sinigrin Isothiocyanate)
Good Carb Sources: broccoli, Brussel sprouts, cabbage, kale, watercress.
Health Benefits: Anti-cancer properties, including ability to reduce the growth of pre-cancerous cells.

Phytochemical: Organosulphides (eg. Allicin)
Good Carb Sources: garlic, onions, leeks.
Health Benefits: Helps fight stomach cancer and reduces LDL cholesterol.

Phytochemical: Phytoestrogens (eg. Isoflavones, Lignans)
Good Carb Sources: soy beans, flax seeds, berries.
Health Benefits: Protects against breast cancer, prostate cancer and menopause symptoms.

Other Phytochemicals

Other phytochemicals include: Bromelain (from pineapples) has blood-thinning properties; Capsaicin (from chilies), is an antioxidant and pain-reliever; Chlorophyll (from wheat grass, seaweeds, dark green vegetables) has anti-cancer and antiradiation properties; Coumarins (from tomatoes, green peppers, strawberries, carrots) has blood-thinning benefits; Papain (from papaya) helps relieve pain; Resveratrol (from red grapes) helps protect against heart disease.

Carbohydrates Definition
Carbohydrates Information
Complex Carbs Guide
Simple Carbs Guide
Starch/Starchy Carbohydrates
Sugars Carbohydrates
Carb Counting Guide
Facts About Carbohydrates
Diabetes, Carbs and Diet

Fiber in Diet
Dietary Fiber
Types of Fiber
Best Sources of Fiber
Benefits of Fiber
Daily Fiber Needs

Nutrition & Carbohydrate
Nutrition in Carbs
Minerals in Carbohydrates
Vitamins in Carbohydrates
Phytochemicals in Carbs

Carbs and Glycemic Index
Digestion of Carbs
Blood Glucose Levels
Glucose into Energy
What is Glycogen?
How is GI Measured?
What Affects Glycemic Value?
Glycemic Index Food Chart
Glycemic Index Food Pyramid
Glycemic Value of a Meal
GI Values in Carbohydrates
GI Value For Beans
GI Value For Bread
GI Value For Cereal
GI Value For Dairy Food
GI Value For Drinks
GI Value For Fruit
GI Value For Meat/Fish
GI Value For Nuts
GI Value For Snacks
GI Value For Starchy Carbs
GI Value For Sugar
GI Value For Vegetables
GI Value For Whole Grains

Carbohydrate in Foods
Atkins Diet Foods
Energy Bars
Flour/Baking Foods
Ice Cream
Milk, Cream,Yogurt

Carbs in Food cont/
Soy Food
Zone Diet Foods

Diet Recipes
GI Diet Recipes
Low Carb Recipes

Carb-Controlled Diets
Atkins Diet
South Beach Diet
Zone Diet
Low Carb Dieting
Benefits of Low Carb Diets
Low Carb Diets Health Risks
Ketosis - High Ketones in Blood
Gluconeogenesis Guide
Free Low Carb Diet Advice
Low Carb Weight Loss Diet

Diabetes, Insulin, Obesity
Diabetes Information
Hyperglycemia - High Blood Glucose
Hypoglycemia - Low Blood Glucose
Obesity Information
Diabesity, Diabetes and Obesity
Insulin Information
Insulin and Obesity
Types of Insulin
Hyperinsulimia - High Insulin Levels
Insulin Resistance Syndrome provides general information about different types of carbohydrate, like monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, as well as nutritional value of carbohydrates, carb-content of foods, plus details of GI values of all food groups, plus advice about diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. But no information is intended as a substitute for medical advice. Copyright 2003-2021.