Diabetes Symptoms and Signs
Symptoms and Signs of Diabetes
The two main types of diabetes mellitus (type 1 and type 2) share some common signs - both affect the body's blood sugar/glucose levels - but there are important diffences. In particular, type 1 diabetes typically has more severe symptoms, develops very quickly and may be diagnosed immediately. Type 2 diabetes develops more slowly, with milder symptoms and therefore tends to be more difficult to diagnose. Indeed, many "diabetics" have no obvious signs of the condition. Almost 6 million people in the United States (1 million in UK) have type 2 diabetes without realising it or being diagnosed. Here is a guide to the most common early symptoms of diabetes.
Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
Previously called "Juvenile" or "insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (IDDM), type 1 diabetes occurs more frequently in young people, although many adults also develop the condition. Common signs include:
Frequent Urination (polyuria)
Increased Thirst (polydipsia)
Unexplained Loss of Weight
Other possible signs of type 1 diabetes include: eyesight problems, more infections than usual, sores that take longer to heal, very dry skin. Also, in some type 1 diabetics, the above symptoms may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or stomach pains.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
Previously called "adult-onset"
or "noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (NIDDM), type 2 diabetes
occurs more frequently in young people, although many adults also develop
the condition. Common signs include:
Frequent Urination and Thirst
Persistent Urinary Infection in Women
Other possible signs of type 2 diabetes include: numbness in feet or legs, persistent skin and gum infections. In addition, obesity (BMI > 30) is commonly experienced by many type 2 diabetics.
Difference in Symptoms Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetics are usually younger than those with type 2 diabetes.
Patients with type 1 are usually thinner, as obesity or overweight is a common characteristic of type 2 diabetes.
People diagnosed with type 1 diabetes tend to have higher blood sugar levels at the diagnosis stage.
Type 1 diabetes develops much more abruptly than type 2 diabetes, and if not diagnosed and treated can lead to hyperglycemia, ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar syndromea any of which may cause a medical emergency.
If You Think You Have Symptoms
If you suspect you have symptoms of type 1 or type 2 diabetes, contact your doctor for a blood-glucose test, as soon as possible. Although perfectly treatable, diabetes is a serious metabolic disorder and requires medical attention.
Hormone to Lower
Carbs and Glycemic
Glycemic Index (GI)
Carbs-Information.com provides general information about the glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), low GI diets, GI values for all food groups, health problems of high blood glucose including metabolic disorders such as pre-diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, hyperinsulinism as well as type 1 and type 2 diabetes. But no information is intended as a substitute for medical advice. Copyright 2003-2021.